Good CBD oil is manufactured using the whole plant, ensuring that the oil contains the full range of primary and secondary constituents of the hemp plant including naturally-occurring terpenes, essential vitamins, fatty acids, proteins, and more. Studies have indicated there is a greater benefit when all the compounds work together in what is known as the “Entourage Effect. Some brands use the term “Whole Plant” and others use the term “Full Spectrum.”
Most people don’t know that CBD oil comes in varying degrees of strength and quality. Generally speaking, there are three types of CBD oil:
This type of oil is almost black in appearance (or dark green) because once it has been extracted from the raw hemp material, no further purification processes have been implemented. Therefore, your oil will contain terpenes and chlorophyll along with other parts of the plant (which is a good thing).
CBD oils that have been decarboxylated are similar to Raw CBD oils except that the active compounds have gone through additional processing. In the raw plant material, both THC and CBD exist as acidic molecules (THC-A and CBD-A, respectively), but the chemical process of decarboxylation removes the acid, which improves bioavailability. These oils are also unfiltered, so they also have a dark green or black color similar to the raw tinctures.
This is the CBD oil that most manufacturers make and that most people consume. A light golden color, the CBD oil has undergone both decarboxylation and filtering processes, removing the parts of the plant that were left over from the initial extraction process.
There are more than 100 compounds known as cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Common cannabinoids you may come across are:
Cannabicromene (CBC): anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, anti-fungal, and anti-cancer properties
Cannabidivarin (CBDV): anti-convulsion, anti-inflammatory, and anti-nausea properties, as well as its impact on pain and mood disorders. It’s particularly effective in providing symptom relief for Crohn’s, HIV/AIDS, and MS.
Cannabigerol (CBG): anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, and anti-tumor properties. CBG has exhibited positive effects for cancer, glaucoma, inflammation and skin diseases.
Cannabinol (CBN): sedative effect, along with anti-convulsant and anti-inflammatory properties
Full Spectrum CBD oil, unlike CBD isolate products, includes a wide range of cannabinoids present in the cannabis or hemp plant. The major benefit of full spectrum CBD oil is the positive effect from all the compounds working in unison.
it’s important to understand that CBD from marijuana is only legal in medical or recreational states, while CBD hemp oil is legal in all 50 states under the 2014 US Farm Bill.
One of the most important studies relating to full spectrum CBD oil took place at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Hadassah School in 2015. It compared the performance of a full spectrum extract with one that contained CBD only. The study concluded that full spectrum was more effective when fighting pain and inflammation. The whole plant extract not only provided faster and better relief, but the effects also lasted longer. This is why an increasing number of companies in the CBD industry are selling full spectrum CBD oil as a rule.
Terpenes: Terpenes are chemicals that give the cannabis plant its unique scent. Even in tiny amounts, terpenes work extremely well with cannabinoids to heal the body. Here are some well-known terpenes:
Limonene: This stress reliever also helps boost your mood. It may also assist with gastric issues.
Linalool: This has a sedative effect and works to help patients with depression, insomnia, and stress.
Caryophyllene: This terpene is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory that helps relieve the symptoms of pain. It is also useful against insomnia.
Humulene: This is another pain-relieving terpene which has antibacterial properties and also works as an appetite suppressant.
Vitamins & Minerals: Full spectrum CBD oil contains vitamins A, C, & E along with complex B vitamins such as niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine. An increasing number of people don’t consume beta-carotene, but it is abundant in full spectrum oil. Crucial minerals contained in this oil include zinc, potassium, iron, calcium, and phosphorus.
Essential Fats & Protein: If all of the above wasn’t enough, full spectrum CBD oil contains up to 20 amino acids including the nine essential ones. Essential fatty acids such as Omega 3 and Omega 6, which help promote better heart health, are also included in the optimal 3:1 ratio. Hemp oil is even a good source of protein which helps repair and build tissues.
Though consuming CBD alone may be better than nothing at all, it will not offer you the same range of positive effects as full spectrum CBD oil. With full spectrum CBD, not only will you get adequate CBD, but you’ll also consume dozens of complementary beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes.